襯衫領子

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  襯衫領子主要內容

  這篇故事發表於1848年哥本哈根出版的《新的童話》堙C它是根據現實生活寫成的,安徒生說,一位朋友和他談起一位破落的紳士。此人所有的財產只剩下一個擦鞋器和一把梳子,但是他的架子卻還放不下來,一直吹噓自己過去的“光榮”。事實上,在一個階級社會堙A沒有了財產就沒有了特權,何況襯衫領子本身已經破爛了。最後它只有“來到一個造紙廠的箱子堙C周圍是一堆破爛的朋友:細緻的跟細緻的人在一起,粗魯的跟粗魯的人在一起,真是物以類聚。”“它已經成了造紙的原料了,最後變成紙,這個故事就是在這張紙上被印出來的。”這是一起含蓄的諷刺小品。

  襯衫領子的故事

  從前有一位漂亮的紳士;他所有的動產只是一個脫靴器和一把梳子。但他有一個世界上最好的襯衫領子。

  我們現在所要聽到的就是關於這個領子的故事。

  襯衫領子的年紀已經很大,足夠考慮結婚的問題。事又湊巧,他和襪帶在一塊兒混在水堿~。

  “我的天!”襯衫領子說,“我從來沒有看到過這麼苗條和細嫩、這麼迷人和溫柔的人兒。請問你尊姓大名?”

  “這個我可不能告訴你!”襪帶說。

  “你府上在什麼地方?”襯衫領子問。

  不過襪帶是非常害羞的。要回答這樣一個問題,她覺得非常困難。

  “我想你是一根腰帶吧?”襯衫領子說——“一種內衣的腰帶!親愛的小姐,我可以看出,你既有用,又可以做裝飾品!”

  “你不應該跟我講話!”襪帶說。“我想,我沒有給你任何理由這樣做!”

  “咳,一個長得像你這樣美麗的人兒,”襯衫領子說,“就是足夠的理由了。”

  “請不要走得離我太近!”襪帶說,“你很像一個男人!”

  “我還是一個漂亮的紳士呢!”襯衫領子說。“我有一個脫靴器和一把梳子!”

  這完全不是真話,因為這兩件東西是屬於他的主人的。他不過是在吹牛罷了。

  “請不要走得離我太近!”襪帶說,“我不習慣於這種行為。”

  “這簡直是在裝腔作勢!”襯衫領子說。這時他們就從水堻Q取出來,上了漿,掛在一張椅子上曬,最後就被拿到一個熨鬥板上。現在一個滾熱的熨鬥來了。

  “太太!”襯衫領子說,“親愛的寡婦太太,我現在頗感到有些熱了。我現在變成了另外一個人;我的皺紋全沒有了。你燙穿了我的身體,噢,我要向你求婚!”

  “你這個老破爛!”熨鬥說,同時很驕傲地在襯衫領子上走過去,因為她想象自己是一架火車頭,拖著一長串列車,在軌上馳過去“你這個老破爛!”

  襯衫領子的邊緣上有些破損。因此有一把剪紙的剪刀就來把這些破損的地方剪平。

  “哎喲!”襯衫領子說,“你一定是一個芭蕾舞舞蹈家!你的腿子伸得那麼直啊!我從來沒有看見過這樣美麗的姿態!世界上沒有任何人能模倣你!”

  “這一點我知道!”剪刀說。

  “你配得上做一個伯爵夫人!”襯衫領子說。“我全部的財產是一位漂亮紳士,一個脫靴器和一把梳子。我只是希望再有一個伯爵的頭銜!”

  “難道他還想求婚不成?”剪刀說。她生氣起來,結結實實地把他剪了一下,弄得他一直覆元不了。

  “我還是向梳子求婚的好!”襯衫領子說。“親愛的姑娘!你看你把牙齒(注:即梳子齒。)保護得多麼好,這真了不起。你從來沒有想過訂婚的問題嗎?”

  “當然想到過,你已經知道,”梳子說,“我已經跟脫靴器訂婚了!”

  “訂婚了!”襯衫領子說。

  現在他再也沒有求婚的機會了。因此他瞧不起愛情這種東西。

  很久一段時間過去了。襯衫領子來到一個造紙廠的箱子堙C周圍是一堆爛布朋友:細緻的跟細緻的人在一起,粗魯的跟粗魯的人在一起,真是物以類聚。他們要講的事情可真多,但是襯衫領子要講的事情最多,因為他是一個可怕的牛皮大王

  “我曾經有過一大堆情人!”襯衫領子說。“我連半點鐘的安靜都沒有!我又是一個漂亮紳士,一個上了漿的人。我既有脫靴器,又有梳子,但是我從來不用!你們應該看看我那時的樣子,看看我那時不理人的神情!我永遠也不能忘記我的初戀——那是一根腰帶。她是那麼細嫩,那麼溫柔,那麼迷人!她為了我,自己投到一個水盆堨h!後來又有一個寡婦,她變得火熱起來,不過我沒有理她,直到她變得滿臉青黑為止!接著來了芭蕾舞舞蹈家。她給了我一個創傷,至今還沒有好——她的脾氣真壞!我的那把梳子倒是鍾情於我,她因為失戀把牙齒都弄得脫落了。是的,像這類的事兒,我真是一個過來人!不過那根襪帶子使我感到最難過——我的意思是說那根腰帶,她為我跳進水盆堨h,我的良心上感到非常不安。我情願變成一張白紙!”

  事實也是如此,所有的爛布都變成了白紙,而襯衫領子卻成了我們所看到的這張紙——這個故事就是在這張紙上——被印出來的。事情要這麼辦,完全是因為他喜歡把從來沒有過的事情瞎吹一通的緣故。這一點我們必須記清楚,免得我們幹出同樣的事情,因為我們不知道,有一天我們也會來到一個爛布箱堙A被制成白紙,在這紙上,我們全部的歷史,甚至最秘密的事情也會被印出來,結果我們就不得不像這襯衫領子一樣,到處講這個故事。

  襯衫領子讀後感

  《安徒生童話》塈痝抭萲w的是《襯衫的領子》。知道我為什麼喜歡嗎?因為那個故事用詞好。“點綴”這個詞我就是從那個故事媗爸鴘滿C

  襯衫的領子講的是:從前,有一個襯衫的領子。它已經很老了,但是還沒有妻子。它的主人把它拿到水池堿~的時候,它看見了襪帶。它就想和襪帶結婚。後來,它看見了剪刀,它又想和剪刀結婚。再後來呢,它又看見了熨鬥,它又想和熨鬥結婚。最後,它看見了梳子,就想和梳子結婚。可是,梳子已經有丈夫了。它只能走到把破布做成紙的地方去。它對所有的破布說,那些它見過的妻子都是為了它才離開的,其實這也不是一件真實的事。

  襯衫的領子告訴我們的道理是:不能一會兒喜歡這個,一會兒喜歡那個,這樣永遠都交不到朋友。

  襯衫領子英文版

  HERE was once a fine gentleman who possessed among other things a boot-jack and a hair-brush; but he had also the finest shirt-collar in the world, and of this collar we are about to hear a story. The collar had become so old that he began to think about getting married; and one day he happened to find himself in the same washing-tub as a garter. “Upon my word,” said the shirt-collar, “I have never seen anything so slim and delicate, so neat and soft before. May I venture to ask your name?”

  “I shall not tell you,” replied the garter.

  “Where do you reside when you are at home?” asked the shirt-collar. But the garter was naturally shy, and did not know how to answer such a question.

  “I presume you are a girdle,” said the shirt-collar, “a sort of under girdle. I see that you are useful, as well as ornamental, my little lady.”

  “You must not speak to me,” said the garter; “I do not think I have given you any encouragement to do so.”

  “Oh, when any one is as beautiful as you are,” said the shirt-collar, “is not that encouragement enough?”

  “Get away; don’t come so near me,” said the garter, “you appear to me quite like a man.”

  “I am a fine gentleman certainly,” said the shirt-collar, “I possess a boot-jack and a hair-brush.” This was not true, for these things belonged to his master; but he was a boaster.

  “Don’t come so near me,” said the garter; “I am not accustomed to it.”

  “Affectation!” said the shirt-collar.

  Then they were taken out of the wash-tub, starched, and hung over a chair in the sunshine, and then laid on the ironing-board. And now came the glowing iron. “Mistress widow,” said the shirt-collar, “little mistress widow, I feel quite warm. I am changing, I am losing all my creases. You are burning a hole in me. Ugh! I propose to you.”

  “You old rag,” said the flat-iron, driving proudly over the collar, for she fancied herself a steam-engine, which rolls over the railway and draws carriages. “You old rag!” said she.

  The edges of the shirt-collar were a little frayed, so the scissors were brought to cut them smooth. “Oh!” exclaimed the shirt-collar, “what a first-rate dancer you would make; you can stretch out your leg so well. I never saw anything so charming; I am sure no human being could do the same.”

  “I should think not,” replied the scissors.

  “You ought to be a countess,” said the shirt collar; “but all I possess consists of a fine gentleman, a boot-jack, and a comb. I wish I had an estate for your sake.”

  “What! is he going to propose to me?” said the scissors, and she became so angry that she cut too sharply into the shirt collar, and it was obliged to be thrown by as useless.

  “I shall be obliged to propose to the hair-brush,” thought the shirt collar; so he remarked one day, “It is wonderful what beautiful hair you have, my little lady. Have you never thought of being engaged?”

  “You might know I should think of it,” answered the hair brush; “I am engaged to the boot-jack.”

  “Engaged!” cried the shirt collar, “now there is no one left to propose to;” and then he pretended to despise all love-making.

  A long time passed, and the shirt collar was taken in a bag to the paper-mill. Here was a large company of rags, the fine ones lying by themselves, separated from the coarser, as it ought to be. They had all many things to relate, especially the shirt collar, who was a terrible boaster. “I have had an immense number of love affairs,” said the shirt collar, “no one left me any peace. It is true I was a very fine gentleman; quite stuck up. I had a boot-jack and a brush that I never used. You should have seen me then, when I was turned down. I shall never forget my first love; she was a girdle, so charming, and fine, and soft, and she threw herself into a washing tub for my sake. There was a widow too, who was warmly in love with me, but I left her alone, and she became quite black. The next was a first-rate dancer; she gave me the wound from which I still suffer, she was so passionate. Even my own hair-brush was in love with me, and lost all her hair through neglected love. Yes, I have had great experience of this kind, but my greatest grief was for the garter—the girdle I meant to say—that jumped into the wash-tub. I have a great deal on my conscience, and it is really time I should be turned into white paper.”

  And the shirt collar came to this at last. All the rags were made into white paper, and the shirt collar became the very identical piece of paper which we now see, and on which this story is printed. It happened as a punishment to him, for having boasted so shockingly of things which were not true. And this is a warning to us, to be careful how we act, for we may some day find ourselves in the rag-bag, to be turned into white paper, on which our whole history may be written, even its most secret actions. And it would not be pleasant to have to run about the world in the form of a piece of paper, telling everything we have done, like the boasting shirt collar.

  襯衫領子作者

  安徒生是丹麥19世紀著名童話作家,世界文學童話創始人。他生於歐登塞城一個貧苦鞋匠家庭,早年在慈善學校讀過書,當過學徒工。受父親和民間口頭文學影響,他自幼酷愛文學。11歲時父親病逝,母親改嫁。為追求藝術,他14歲時隻身來到首都哥本哈根。經過8年奮鬥,終於在詩劇《阿爾芙索爾》的劇作中嶄露才華。因此,被皇家藝術劇院送進斯拉格爾塞文法學校和赫爾辛歐學校免費就讀。歷時5年。1828年,升入哥爾哈根大學。畢業後始終無工作,主要靠稿費維持生活。1838年穫得作家獎金——國家每年撥給他200元非公職津貼。

襯衫領子相關的問答
裝親子寶典 贏母嬰豪禮
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